Friday, April 1, 2011

Rinjani Eruption History - Lombok Indonesia

Rinjani Volcano Lombok Indonesia

Rinjani is an active volcano in Indonesia on the island of Lombok. Administratively the mountain is in the Regency of North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Barat, NTB). It rises to 3,726 metres (12,224 ft)
Lombok, Indonesia
8.42 S, 116.47 E
summit elevation 3726 m

Rinjani is located in a caldera 2.4 km by 4.8 km in size.
There are two active centres located in the eastern part of caldera – Barujari and Rombongan cones. Segara Anak Lake is situated inside the caldera.
2009 Activity
An increase in seismic activity was reported at Rinjani volcano in Indonesia on 2nd May 2009. There were three explosion earthquakes, and a white plume was emitted 1000 m above the eruption point. The alert level at the volcano was raised from Normal (Level I) to Waspada (Level II). The summit was closed to climbers. Residents were warned of possible lahars. On 4th May 2009 ash emissions rose 700 m above the cone. During June 2009 ash emissions reach a height of 3 km above sea level and drifted 55 km from the volcano.
2004 Eruption
Hikers were banned from climbing Mount Rinjani in October 2004 after the volcano after renewed volcanic activity. The volcano is a popular destination for mountain climbers from all over the world. Despite the warning for the hikers, it was not necessary to evacuate villagers living near the volcano. Between 1-5 October eruptions ejected ash columns 800 m above the summit.
1994 Eruption
On 3rd June 1994, Barujari cone erupted and sent ash 500 m high. Between 3rd and 10th June, up to 172 explosions were be heard each day from Sembalun Lawang volcano observatory, located 15 km NE of the volcano. On 3rd November 1994, a cold lahar from the summit area of Rinjani Volcano traveled down the Kokok Jenggak River. Thirty people from the village of Aikmel who were collecting water from the river were killed.
 Rinjani Volcano Eruptions
2010, 2009, 2004, 1994, 1966, 1965, 1953, 1949-50, 1944-45, 1941?, 1915, 1909, 1906, 1901, 1900, 1884, 1847.

See Also:

Rinjani Trekking 4 Days 3 Night Program

Rinjani Trekking 3 Days 2 Night Program

Rinjani Trekking 2 Days 1 Night Program

Rinjani Crater RIM Program - Tetebatu Route

Rinjani Summit

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